Diet and Nutrition

If you or a loved one has kidney disease or is currently on dialysis, your food choices can be one of the most effective ways to manage your disease. Find out how our registered dietitians can develop a healthy eating plan that meets your needs and fits your lifestyle through individual nutrition counseling.

Protein in kidney disease diet

Your physician or dietitian will determine how many servings of protein you need per day. Read more about protein in our health library or our brochure, Protein in Your Diet.

Low-sodium kidney disease diet

Processed and canned foods have higher concentrations of sodium (salt). Find out more about sodium in our health library or our brochure, Sodium in Your Diet.

Phosphorus in kidney disease diet

Some patients may need to limit phosphorus intake, even if blood phosphorus levels are normal. The most concentrated sources of phosphorus are dark carbonated beverages and commercial iced tea. Learn more about phosphorus in our health library or our brochure, Phosphorus in Your Diet.

Potassium in kidney disease diet

Your physician determines whether you need to restrict potassium based on the stage of your disease and medications. For more information, see potassium in our health library or view our brochure, Potassium in Your Diet.

Calories in kidney disease diet

If you have kidney disease, you may need high-calorie foods to keep from losing weight. These foods can help you balance variety in your diet. They include:

  • Bread, grains and starches
  • Fats, such as margarine, butter, mayonnaise and oils
  • High-sugar foods, such as honey, table sugar, syrup and homemade cookies, pies and cakes

These high-sugar foods are suggested only for people who do not have diabetes.

Vitamins and minerals

Talk with your physician or dietitian about vitamin and mineral supplements. One or both may be helpful for those who eat a diet modified in potassium, phosphorus and protein. During dialysis, your needs will be especially high for vitamins B and C.