Who Is At Risk For CKD?

There are several conditions or diseases that can lead to CKD. If you have any of the following risk factors, it is recommended to be tested for kidney disease once a year, at least. CKD can be detected through blood tests. High levels of creatinine and blood urea nitrogen (BUN), may also suggest kidney disease. Your Gomerular Filtration Rate (GFR) gives an estimate of your current kidney function.

Those who portray the following or have a family history of CKD are at greater risk for CKD:

  • diabetes: when blood sugar is too high, the kidney’s small blood vessels can become damaged
    • people with diabetes should have a yearly urine test for microalbuminuria (small amounts of protein in the urine)
  • high blood pressure: high blood pressure damages the kidney’s blood vessels and reduces blood flow to the kidneys
  • glomerulonephritis: inflammation of the kidneys
  • systemic lupus erythematosus: causes inflammation in the kidneys
  • bladder outlet obstruction: kidney stones, tumors or an enlarged prostate for men can block normal urine drainage