A hysterosalpingogram is a test to check the condition of a woman’s fallopian tubes and uterine cavity. This is done using a dye that makes the inside of the tubes and uterus visible by x-ray examination.

Sometimes this test is done to look for a cause of infertility or to look for a cause of repeat miscarriage. If scarring of the fallopian tubes has occurred, a hysterosalpingogram will show it. You may have a test for pelvic infection before having this test. Sometimes antibiotics are prescribed before having a hysterosalpingogram in order to prevent infection.

Preparation before the procedure

Tell your doctor if there is even a chance you are pregnant. This test should not be given to a woman who is pregnant.

You may need to keep track of your menstrual cycle so that you can schedule an appointment for this test during the week immediately following your menstrual period.

For a more in depth look at this procedure, visit our Health Library page on this topic.